Tag Archives: Gnome


A tutorial on how to to openSUSEfy Gnome 3

So, you’re running a superbly stable and yet flashy new openSUSE 13.1 with GNOME 3.10. There’s only one problem – the Blue Eyes Blue, as Clapton would say. Blue, as we all know, is the default color for selected backgrounds, borders etc. in GNOME’s default Adwaita theme.

If you have a slight OCD as yours truly, you might want your icons and themes to play nicely with your green geeko. We like geeko, and we like green, so why not make it all conform with the default color scheme? No reason whatsoever to hold back. So, I went on an endeavor to find the most comprehensive and yet green icon theme for your GNOME desktop environment.

After hours of meticulous searching through the www, I bumped into Moka Project (www.mokaproject.com). Moka project started out as an icon-only theme by Sam Hewitt, a Canadian designer, photographer, and apparently (considering the photos published on his site www.snwh.org) a gourmand of some sort. He contributed to different projects, such as Unity Tweak Tool for Ubuntu, Ubuntu, GNOME, and last but not least – the Moka Project itself. Moka soon gained quite a media following, and the project expanded to include three GTK and one GNOME Shell theme. Though the ‘default’ and most widely used icon color seems to be purple (himself using Ubuntu GNOME, if I’m not mistaken, so the choice of color makes sense), Sam created different variations of the theme, including the one we’re aiming at today – green. The theme is more than comprehensive, tailor-made for GNOME and looks sleek and modern, as you can see here:

One of the best things about this theme is that Sam made openSUSE repositories, from which you can install the theme with the one-click install method. So, let’s get down to business.

Step 1:
Go to the Moka Project website: www.mokaproject.com. Click on the ‘get moka’ button and you’ll be directed to the product menu. Choose Moka Icon Theme, Faba Icon Theme and Faba Colors (all three are necessary – Moka is the apps icon set, which complements Faba and Faba-Colors – or is it the other way around, I’m not entirely sure).


Next, click the download button and choose your distribution. Pick the correct one-click install button for your distribution and let geeko do its magic.


Step 2:
Run nautilus as sudo, or just gedit within the terminal, and navigate to /usr/share/icons/Moka and open the index.theme file within this folder. Immediately in the fourth row, you have a line that reads: “Inherits=Faba,gnome,hicolor”. What you need to do here, is change the ‘Faba‘ value to ‘Faba-Verd‘ (don’t forget the capital V in Verd). Save and exit.


Step 3:
Go to Advanced Settings, choose ‘Appearance’ and in the icon dropdown menu, select Moka and voila – your GNOME openSUSE system is now running a very modern green icon theme.

Now, we’re not finished yet. What comes next is my personal recommendation for a GTK theme to fit your geeko install.

Step 1:
Click on this link: http://mokaproject.com/moka-gtk-theme/download/opensuse/ – to visit the download page for the Moka GTK theme. Once again, pick the one-click button accordingly, enter your password and such, and let your system do the hard work.

Step 2:
Once again, as sudo, navigate to /usr/share/themes/Moka. Here, we’ll edit two .css files. What you need to do, is first enter the gtk-2.0 folder, and open the file called ‘gtkrc‘ with your text editor. Right there at the top there’s a value called “selected_bg_color” and some numbers after it. After the hashtag, enter the number 93D284. That’s the hex color code for a shade of green which will play perfectly with your folders when you select them in nautilus.

Next, a few rows lower, you have a value “link_color”. Enter the same hex color value you entered previously. That’s 93D284 after the hashtag. Save and exit.

Step 3:
Navigate out of the gtk-2.0 folder, and enter the gtk-3.0 folder. With your text editor, open the gtk.css file. Search for the value called “@define-color selection_color” and after the hashtag, enter the same values as before. Save and exit.


Step 4:
Everything seems to be in order with the Moka GTK theme, the last thing you need to fix is the metacity icons. You can find them in the folder /usr/share/themes/Moka/metacity-1, and simply GIMP everything you see in purple into green. But I’ve taken the liberty of doing it for you. You can download the folder here: http://goo.gl/dLO44E – and simply overwrite the existing metacity-1 folder. And you’re good to go.

To customize your GNOME Shell, you can follow a detailed tutorial by Stefan Grasse, also here on Muktware.

Step 5:
We strongly suggest you support the artist, Sam Hewitt, and his Moka Project with a little donation. You can do it by purchasing the icon and gtk themes instead of downloading them for free.
[epiclink link = ‘http://mokaproject.com/#donate’ color = ‘btn’ target = ‘_blank’ shorticon = ‘left’ itype = ‘icon-heart’]Purchase Moka icon/theme[/epiclink]


Yorba’s Promising Calendar “California” and Email Client “Geary” Bring More Style to GNOME

Yorba Foundation, the prominent developer of Shotwell photo manager, has recently announced their development of a new slick and stylish calendar app for GNOME called “California.” It has now been included into Yorba’s daily PPA for testing on Ubuntu systems and looks just as promising and stylish as their minimalist email client Geary.

On March 21, Yorba announced “California” version 0.1, their new calendar app for GNOME systems. California adds a functionality to GNOME, that Yorba’s most recent version 0.6 release of the likewise minimalist and stylish Geary email client is missing: a proper calendar. Even though California is still under heavy development, it looks just as promising as Geary. Geary already offers a “modern and straighforward interface” including an automatic organization of emails into conversations, as well as support for “Gmail, Yahoo! Mail, Outlook.com, and popular IMAP servers (Dovecot, Cyrus, Zimbra, etc.).” While Geary has no feature to add colors to specif labels or folders of your IMAP service, California already allows to create different calendar categories with different colors. Both Geary and California are able to use the GNOME notification system to announce incoming emails and upcoming calendar events. Besides that, California only offers very rudimentary calendar functions. In the future, it is supposed to offer all the bells and whistles of a modern calendar application

However, the key feature of both Geary and California is their design. California takes up on Geary’s simple, minimalist, yet highly stylized look. In comparison to the standard GNOME calendar app, California looks much more polished and elegant. The same is true for Geary in comparison to the standard email application Thunderbird. Both California and Geary work best in a GNOME environment, as they do not add any unnecessary menus or buttons, but instead stick to the minimalist and elegant approach of the GNOME design.

Ubuntu_Gnome_California_0.1-review Ubuntu_Geary_0.6_review

On Ubuntu 14.04 systems, you can install Geary from the official repositories:

sudo apt-get install geary

To install Geary on Ubuntu 12.04 systems, you can use the backport PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tombeckmann/geary
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install geary

Please note that this PPA is not officially maintained by Yorba, but by independent developer Tom Beckman.

If you want to install California, be warned that the application is still heavily developed and considered unstable for everyday use. However, should you feel the need to try out the most stylish calendar app available for GNOME, you can choose between two options.

1) Use the Yorba daily PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:yorba/daily-builds
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install california

Please note that adding this PPA will also provide daily builds for other Yorba developments, such as Shotwell and Geary.

2) Another option would be to install directly from the .deb files available on Launchpad, thus not affecting any other software installed on your system.

Source: http://www.omgubuntu.co.uk/2014/05/california-calendar-app-hits-yorba-daily-ppa


Fedora revives transparent gnome-terminals

Background transparency, which was removed after GNOME 3.6 release on Fedora 2 years back is enabled once again. There were both requests from users and workarounds to make transparency work again. On popular demand, the feature is back on Fedora 20 and GNOME 3.12 COPR. Rawhide will also have it soon.

In his blog update Debarshi Ray points out that this downstream patch from Fedora has been rejected by the upstream gnome-terminal maintainer. So non-Fedora users may need to request corresponding distribution maintainer to include it.

To have this feature on Fedora 20, update the gnome-terminal package. You can set the transparency from the Profile Preferences, Colors tab. Also note that this feature reveals a bug in the Adwaita theme – the background of the menubar is not drawn when transparency is on. However, this should get fixed soon.


GNOME 3.12 receives second update

The GNOME Desktop Environment (DE) has received its second maintenance update (3.12.2). Frederic Peters, a GNOME developer, announced the second update of the GNOME 3.12 stable branch a few hours ago. The update mainly focuses on consistency and security of included packages and apps. Besides the recent fix of the Airplane Mode in GNOME shell, there are many minor fixes, improvements and language translations included in the update.

Apps being updated include Empathy, Eye of GNOME, Epiphany, GNOME Shell, GTK+, Mutter, Nautilus, Tracker, Totem, Evolution, Glade, GNOME Maps, Orca, Polari, Tali, Seahorse and more.

The next major GNOME release will be 3.13.2 and is due on May 28th. Its first developer version was already released on April 30th. The GNOME 3.12.2 sources can be found here.

You can see 'Application Folders'.

Turning off Airplane Mode fixed in GNOME Shell 3.12.2

GNOME Shell development branch 3.12.x is now updated to version 3.12.2. GNOME Shell is an integral part of GNOME as this is the first application that the users are greeted with and is used frequently throughout their login. 3.12 has been received quite well by the users and till now the minor releases on this branch were quite heavy.

3.12.2 however sees lesser number of fixes. The changes includes the following:

– Turning off airplane more is fixed
– Empty VPN keyfiles are handled correctly
– Setting zero-level in osdWindow is fixed
– Removal of multiple workspace thumbnails at once is fixed
– Airplane mode menu is insensitive in lock screen now
– Key navigation fixed for alternatives in AltSwitcher
– Zombie search providers showing up are now properly removed

The changelog can be found here.


How to customize Gnome Shell

The Linux operating system means freedom of choice. You can basically choose anything in the Linux environment. You can choose which kernel to use, whether to use open source or third-party drivers for your graphical adapter and so forth, but you can also choose which DE (Desktop Environment) you want to use. There are several DEs out there and, surely, they all have their pros and cons, yet all of them share the potential of customization into something entirely beautiful. GNOME is one such DE and this article focuses on how the GNOME shell can be customized to look really beautiful, maybe even prettier than Mac OSX.

For the sake of simplicity, this article focuses on an installation of GNOME on the most recent Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (Long Term Support) version, but the gnome packages are available in all major Linux distributions. Ubuntu 14.04 comes with official support for Gnome 3.10, even though 3.12 has been released a little less than two months prior to the release of Ubuntu 14.04, it is not stable enough to be installed through the Gnome Team PPA.

GNOME Customization on Two Levels

Generally, there are two levels of customizing your GNOME experience – appearance and functionality. Appearance can be changed by installing themes of the GNOME environment. You can, potentially, go very deep into the system to change every aspect of GNOME’s UI (User Interface). But the most fundamental and important changes can be applied to the shell (the general environment, such as panel, dash etc.), Windows and GTK+ (the window decorations), icon and cursor themes.

The functionality can be customized by installing additional GNOME extensions. There are numerous extensions out there that add more application indicators, weather panel, screenlets and many many more features to your GNOME.

On both levels, the number of available themes and extensions is beyond counting, so it may be wise to take some time and look through the available extensions and themes until you pick your favourites. I will always recommend some themes or extensions, but you do not have to follow my suggestions, the choice is yours. But if you do follow my recommendations, this is what your Desktop will look like, once we’re finished.


1 Customizing GNOME’s Appearance

Before you can start installing themes, you need to install a very important GNOME Extension, the user-themes extensions. This extensions allows you to install and load custom themes into ~/.themes and/or /usr/share/themes.

1. Head over to https://extensions.gnome.org to find the required extension
2. You’ll see the “Off” button, click on it to install the extension, so the button turns to “On”

We will also need the most important application that usually comes with the installation of GNOME is the GNOME Tweak Tool which allows us to change the general look and feel of the GNOME UI, that includes the user themes. Should you be running an older Ubuntu version, i.e. 12.04 LTS until 13.10, you have to install gnome-tweak-tool manually from the standard repositories:

sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool

GNOME Tweak Tools is a very powerful tool and will enable you to change every important aspect of GNOME DE. The first page offers the ability to change the used themes, but we will come back to that in the later steps. On the left panel you can switch between groups of options (appearance, desktop, extensions, fonts, keyboard and mouse, power, startuo applications, top bar, typing, windows and workplaces). It is advisable to go through the settings and play around with them a bit so you become familiar with the configurable options. These are some suggestions of mine for a handy GNOME experience:

Fonts: Scaling Factor: 0,8
This option can increase or decrease the scale of the GNOME shell. A value of 0,8 decreases the entire GNOME shell to a level that I find appropriate. But that’s only my subjective opinion.

Power: When Laptop Lid is Closed
Sometimes the configured options under the usual Ubuntu Settings: Enegery get overwritten or ignored. I have thus applied my settings here, as well.

Workspaces: Workspace Creation: Dynamics
This option lets you configure how many workspaces you have available in your dash (right panel). I usually let GNOME dynamically add more once I need them.

Most of the themes we are going to install are coming from http://gnome-look.org/. It represents the most exhaustive repository of themes for virtually everything in the GNOME environment. Usually, the themers offer a PPA to install their gnome shell, GTK+ and window themes. But another way to install the themes is to download the archive and copy its contents to one of the following directories:

(installation of shell, GTK+ and window themes for the current user)

(installation of shell, GTK+ and window themes for all users; root priviledges needed)

(installation of icon and cursor themes for all users; root priviledges needed)

Before wildly copying themes and icons into these directories, please make sure to always read the instructions of the chosen theme on its respective info page. Also, make sure to check whether the theme is available for your GNOME version (12.04 LTS ships with GNOME 3.4, while 14.04 LTS ships with GNOME 3.10).

After copying the theme or icon set into one of the above folders or adding the PPA to your sources, updating them and installing the theme or icon set, it should be available to choose in GNOME Tweak Tool. Whenever you have applied a new theme or set of icons, it makes sense to clear GNOME’s cache to actually see the new theme. For that, you can simply reload the entire GNOME shell by pressing ALT + F2 and running “r” (without “”) in the dialog.

1.1 The Shell
It is time to check out http://gnome-look.org/ to find your favorite GNOME shell theme. My personal recommendation for the shell is the elegance-colors theme, because it has a mode to automagically adapt to your desktop’s background colors. To install elegance-colors theme, follow these steps:

1. Add the PPA to the system

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:satyajit-happy/themes
sudo apt-get update

2. Install Elegance Colors package

sudo apt-get install gnome-shell-theme-elegance-colors

3. Run the following command to set elegance-colors as shell theme (for some reason it cannot be set by GNOME Tweak Tool after initial install. But after running this command it works flawlessly)

gsettings set org.gnome.shell.extensions.user-theme name 'elegance-colors

You can now open “Elegance Colors Preferences” from dash to start the packages’ own preference tool.

With this, you can change the behavior of the entire shell to fit your needs and even add nice transparency effects. You can change the color of every single aspect of the shell yourself, or let the application decide which colors fit best to the rest of your environment by choosing “Derive color from: Wallpaper / GTK theme”. I have also uploaded my personal settings for you to import.

1.2 GTK+
Again, http://gnome-look.org has the most extensive collection of GTK+ and Window themes available. GTK+ and Window themes are also installed by either adding the PPA, if available, or copying the archive’s contents into ~/.themes/ or /usr/share/themes/. For my personal taste, the Evolve theme is the prettiest and most compatible with Ubuntu GNOME version 3.10.

1. Add the PPA to the system

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:satyajit-happy/themes
sudo apt-get update

2. Install the Evolve Package

sudo apt-get install evolve-gtk-theme

3. Open up Gnome Tweak Tool and set Evolve as Window and GTK+ theme.


Now that we have covered the sections with the most impact to GNOME’s appearance, it’s time for some fine tuning.

1.3 Icons
As with the other secions of customizing GNOME, it is a sheer matter of taste which icon pack to choose. Once more, the best repository of icons can be found on gnome-look.org. The Faneza icon pack has gained huge popularity over the last years, there is also a blue Mac-like version called Faenza-Cupertino. If your after a desktop that looks at least similar to MacOS, I can highly recommend Faenza-Cupertino. But make sure to have both Faenza and Faenza-Cupertino installed, as Faenza-Cupertino requires the normal Faenza package to be installed, as well. Generally, icons are NOT installed in ~/.themes, but instead copied into /usr/share/icons/. To copy content into that directory, you’ll need root priviledges.

To install my recommended icon theme, please follow these instructions.

1. Download Faenza icon pack and unpack its contents to ~/Downloads/
2. Unpack ~/Downloads/Faenza.tar.gz to ~/Downloads
(we’re only interested in the main Faenza icon set, so we’ll only be using the Faenza folder to install)
3. Download Faenza-Cupertino icon pack and unpack its contents to ~/Downloads/
4. Open Nautilus with root priviledges by opening up a terminal and running

sudo nautilus

5. Now search for your extracted “Faenza” and “Faenza-Cupertino” folders in ~/Downloads and copy them into /usr/share/icons/
6. Open up GNOME Tweak Tool and change Icons to “Faenza-Cupertino”

1.4 Cursors
You might have guessed where to find a decent collection of cursor icon packs: gnome-look.org. Cursor themes also belong into /usr/share/icons/ so you can apply the same steps as in 1.3. In my example, I haven’t changed the cursor theme, but Shere Khan X seems like a good choice.

2 Customizing GNOME’s Functionality

As I have mentioned earlier when installing the user-themes extension, most of the extensions for GNOME are available at https://extensions.gnome.org/. You can install all extensions by clicking on the “Off” Botton to the left of the extension’s name. Sometimes, an extension does not (fully) work with your GNOME version, so it is wise to check the comments before installing any extension. Here is a list of my favourite extensions:

Removable Drive Menu
Adds an app indicator to the left side of the GNOME panel to access any mounted devices with a simple click.

Places Status Indicator
Adds a “Places” Applet to the left side of the GNOME panel to quickly access directories in the system.

This is my favourite extension, as it adds a weather forecast applet next to the clock in the panel. Unfortunately, this application couldn’t successfully be installed through the webpage. But it is possible to install it through a PPA:

1. Add the PPA to your sources

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gnome-shell-extensions
sudo apt-get update

2. Install the weather application

sudo apt-get install gnome-shell-extension-weather

3. Reload GNOME shell (ALT + F2, running “r”, see above)
4. Activate Weather Extensions from GNOME Tweak Tool under “Extensions”

There are many many more extensions, so please browse through https://extensions.gnome.org/ to make the most of GNOME! Please also comment on the article to post your favorite extensions and themes.

You can see 'Application Folders'.

Gnome 3.12 review – work Ubuntu could have benefited from

The Gnome project announced the release of version 3.12 yesterday which is a major release. Unfortunately, unlike KDE, the release is not yet available for Ubuntu, Arch Linux or openSUSE. Only way to get it is by using Fedora which, in my opinion, has really become extremely stable – except for the extremely confusing partition manager. If you want to install Gnome 3.12 on your Fedora box, you can safely use a repository created by Red Hat developer Richard Hughes. Check out instructions here.

My history with Gnome & Ubuntu

I have been a Gnome user since 2005 when I ditched Windows and started using GNU/Linux. However, things changed when Ubuntu (the OS that I was using then) chose to drop Gnome and create their own Unity. There was no safe way to use Gnome without breaking things, so I dropped Gnome and tried Unity for two releases and realized it’s not the GNU/Linux that I got fond of. The control had moved out of my hands, it was a very rigid system which could not be customized to an individual’s needs. So I started looking for an alternative and settled with openSUSE with KDE. I was really impressed with openSUSE as it was extremely easy to install KDE and Gnome side-by-side without breaking things. So, while I primarily became a KDE user (thanks to Ubunutu) I do keep GNOME just for the sake of testing it from time to time and keep an eye on development.

I have been following Gnome development from the early days and must say that post 3.8, it’s really heading in the right direction – something simple (a little inspired by Apple’s Mac OX, as usual), elegant, and just works out of the box. Gnome has become visually appealing since 3.10 and the latest version takes that experience one notch over.

Application Folders

If you are also a Mac OSX user, you will see influences of Mac’s design on Gnome – and that has been true from early days (remember the top panel?). One of the notable features of Gnome 3.12 is ‘Application Folders’. As the name states, you can keep your preferred apps together in folders for quick access. By default, there are two folders ‘Utility’ and ‘Sundry’ but you can now create more such folders so you can club all media applications in one folder, development folder in another and so on.

You can see 'Application Folders'.
You can see ‘Application Folders’.

However, it’s a bit tricky to create a new folder. Unlike Mac’s Launchpad where you can drag apps on top of each other to create a folder (the way it also happens on stock Android), in GNOME you have to do it from Software application. There is no way of doing it in ‘Activity’ mode. I wish developers will make it as easy as it is on Android/Mac so users can easily create folders and put apps as they prefer.


What to expect from GNOME 3.12

After 6 months of hard work, GNOME 3.12 will be finally unleashed tomorrow. Here is a list of what to expect from the newer release.

Videos Replacing Totem

Totem will now be called Videos (or GNOME Videos). The project will still be called Totem but user viewable name will be Videos. This is akin to renaming of Epiphany to web in 3.4 release. The “discover” menu will receive an UI overhaul. Pocket videos, Guardian Videos and Freebox TV support is enabled via grillo plug-ins.

GNOME software

GNOME software received lot for bug fixes and new feature. Screenshot are available for popular applications. Depending on how an application is integrated with desktop, user rating will be auto-generated. Users can now control and delete software sources.

Facebook Integration in Photos

You can now view Facebook photos from the Photos app.

Pocket Integration

Pocket has now been integrated within GNOME. Pocket is available in GNOME accounts and it is integrated with Videos via grillo. The integration with Web is still in works.

Windows Live Integration

It will be possible to use Windows Live (hotmail/outlook/live) emails over IMAP and SMTP using OAuth2 tokens for authentication. Windows Live Accounts are now available in gnome online accounts (GOA). Evolution will pickup Windows Live Mail via GOA.

Web (Epiphany)

Web receives new history dialog, passwords dialog, cookies dialog, page title, address UI. Other Visual improvements will be noticed in oops screen, most visited page.


Gedit receives a massive UI overhaul in this version.

These are some of stuff you will get to see in GNOME 3.12. We will be back tomorrow with the official release announcement.


Matthew Garett, Outreach Program for Women awarded Free Software Awards 2014

Richard M Stallman, the president of Free Software Foundation announced the winners of the FSF’s annual Free Software Awards on 22 March, during the Libre Planet 2014 conference at MIT in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

This year, the Award for the Advancement of Free Software was given to Matthew Garrett for his work to keep Secure Boot free software compatible. The award is given annually to someone who has made a great contribution to the progress and development of free software, through activities that accord with the spirit of free software.

Delighted with the award, Garrett said, “Free software has been a part of my life since I was a teenager. Growing up in an area with little interest in computing and limited internet access, having the freedom to examine and modify the source code to software was an important part of learning the skills I rely on today. Everyone deserves to be able to exercise the same freedoms that I benefited from, and I will continue to advocate for solutions that allow them to do so without compromising the security that recent events demonstrate is sorely required.”

Second award, the Award for Projects of Social Benefit was presented to the GNOME Foundation’s Outreach Program for Women (OPW). The award is given to a project or team responsible for applying free software, or the ideas of the free software movement, in a project that intentionally and significantly benefits society in other aspects of life. OPW helps women (cis and trans) and gender queer people get involved in free software development. OPW provides a supportive community for beginning to contribute throughout the year and offers focused internship opportunities twice a year with a number of free software organizations.

Karen Sandler and Marina Zhurakhinskaya, co-organizers of OPW, were present to accept the award on behalf of OPW. Zhurakhinskaya, who is a GNOME Foundation director and community engagement lead at Red Hat, said, “We’re honored to receive this award on behalf of the GNOME Foundation and proud that the FSF recognizes the importance of taking action to include more women.”

It is noteworthy to mention that nominations for both awards are submitted by members of the public, which are then evaluated by an award committee composed of previous winners and FSF founder and president Richard Stallman. This year’s award committee included Rob Savoye, Wietse Venema, Richard Stallman, Suresh Ramasubramanian, Vernor Vinge, Hong Feng, Fernanda G. Weiden, Harald Welte, Vernor Vinge, Jonas Oberg, and Yukihiro Matsumoto.


Wayland Available On GNOME 3.12 With A Click!

According to reports, users will be able to use GNOME on Wayland via Gnome Display Manager (GDM). On login, users will now be able to choose between Wayland and X11. The changes were integrated in the GNOME 3.11.92 version. This version is the final version of the 3.11 development series. GNOME 3.12 should roll out in next week.

Wayland support on 3.12 however is still remains experimental. Mutter, which is the display compositor for GNOME, still doesn’t support Wayland completely. Also Wayland builds for Free BSD are broken. The Wayland support only works with Open Drivers. There is no official statement on nVidia proprietary support.

Earlier it was reported that 3.12 won’t be supporting Wayland completely. A quick switch for Wayland session is a welcome feature.