Tag Archives: CyanogenMod

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CyanogenMod finally hits HTC One M8

Two days ago, the CyanogenMod developers added official support for the HTC One M8. A first nightly version was uploaded at the early hours of May 7. A few minutes ago, the third nightly was made available for download.

CyanogenMod is a free and open source alternative to Google’s Android. The addition of HTC’s One M8 to CyanogenMod’s list of officially supported devices is a huge step for future custom roms. The number of community-driven custom roms is expected to increase quickly, as most of these are build from CyanogenMod’s sources.

However, if you’re considering the change from HTC’s sense UI to – the less bloated – CyanogenMod, please note that this is still a very early version. Some features are still in the process of being ported, that is especially true for the HTC One M8’s camera functionality. Even though basic camera functions have already been implemented into the current CyanogenMod version for the M8, special features, such as the second depth camera, are reported not to work yet.

However, with the CyanogenMod’s recent changed model of distribution, hopes are high that HTC’s One M8 might get a milestone release (M7) within weeks. This would largely increase the stability of CyanogenMod on the M8.

Please note that Muktware is not responsible for voiding your phone’s warranty or breaking your phone’s functionality. Please refer to the following pages for more information on how to get started with CyanogenMod on the HTC One M8.

Download CyanogenMod for HTC One M8: https://download.cyanogenmod.org/

XDA developers discussion of current nightlies: http://forum.xda-developers.com/

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CyanogenMod 11.06 M6 is here, no stable build coming

CyanogenMod has announced the release of CyanogenMod 11.06 M6 and with this, the team has also said that the users should not expect a build labelled ‘stable’. They wrote, “The ‘M’ builds have supplanted our need for such a release. This also means you will not being seeing ‘RC’ builds.”

For all those who are wondering the reason, here is the answer: “Beyond just being a trusted label to assuage the more risk-adverse users, stable build was our marker for accepting reports to our bug tracker. This had a few pain points, but most notably, it meant months of code would be introduced with no particular predictability, which led to gaps between identifying issues from your reports, fixing them and then releasing them in the next stable. With a ‘stable’ and ‘nightly’ only structure, you either waited months for a fix, or updated to a nightly – and with the risk of items such as the ‘master key’ and ‘Heartbleed’ vulnerabilities, this became an unacceptable risk we were posing to you all.

The ‘M’s have now become the fix for that particular issue; you can now reliably know that your next batch of fixes will arrive 4 weeks after the last (and if you are using a nightly, you are not stripped of your ability to update whenever you want). This also allows helps us collect JIRA tickets more frequently and track progression or regression of features in smaller windows. Like the ‘stables’ before it, ‘M’ releases are built off the ‘stable/CM-##.#’ branches – the only difference is now frequency and label. We could have chosen to remove ‘M’ releases and stick with the ‘stable’ tag instead for these monthlies, but the word ‘stable’ itself is a misnomer – it doesn’t mean bug free and it certainly never meant feature complete; but with the name ‘stable’ it gave the false impression that it did mean those things – especially to those risk-adverse that would only hop from ‘stable’ to ‘stable’.”

So the good news is that the team is now looking at releasing updates every two weeks going forward. So here is the changelog:

Quiet Hours – Fix long press QS tile option
Voice+ – Integrate into settings (under Wireless and Networks > ‘More’)
Blacklist – Add provider permissions
Lockscreen – Fix custom wallpaper crashes and album art issues
Display – Consolidate screen-off animation options (remove checkbox)
Bluetooth – Upstream updates and fix issues with audio routing to select car makes/models and disconnect issues
MultiSim – Additional support patches (15+) and UI/UX modifications
Lockscreen – Disable elements when in custom lockscreen
Quick Settings – Options to show smaller tiles; add BT device name to tile
Quick Settings – Fix QS tiles layout in landscape mode
Usage Stats – Fix screen on stats after boot
Resolve memory leaks in Frameworks
Settings – Show ‘eject card’ action for USB storage
Theme Engine – Introduce new Engine capabilities (chooser to arrive in nightlies this week)
Parallel Shutdown – Decrease shutdown time
Address security vulnerability for icons
Downloads – Add pause/resume support
Trebuchet – Hidden apps and labels support
Remove parallel boot dexopt from stable/cm-11.0 branch
And more (all changes from Mar 29th to April 30th)

Those interested can download it from a href=”http://download.cyanogenmod.org/”>CyanogenMod.org


CyanogenMod support arrives for Amazon Kindle Fire HD

CyanogenMod is now officially supporting the Kindle Fire HD 7 and Kindle Fire HD 8.9. CyanogenMod 11 comes with a relatively clean version of KitKat, plus a number of enhancements that make CyanogenMod the single most popular custom ROM on the planet.

Kindle Fire HD features 1280×800 HD display with polarizing filter and anti-glare technology for rich colour and deep contrast from any viewing angle, Exclusive Dolby audio and dual-driver stereo speakers for virtual surround sound. Also, it is the world’s first tablet with dual-band, dual-antenna Wi-Fi for over 35% faster downloads and streaming.

By looking at some of its specifications we can say that the hardware is pretty compelling; it is very affordable too. But Fire OS (operating system of Kindle device) doesn’t have the rich feature set compared to other flavours. But CyanogenMod has given us solution for Kindle Fire HD 7 and HD 8.9.

CyanogenMod is an open source operating system for smartphones and tablet computers, based on the Android mobile platform. It is developed as free and open source software based on the official releases of Android by Google, with added original and third-party code. CyanogenMod releases are provided on a nightly, milestone, and “stable version” schedule.

A CyanogenMod 11 nightly build for any device does not necessarily mean it will get a monthly snapshot release, much less a final stable CyanogenMod 11 release. It all depends on the state of the build at the time of testing and on the maintainer’s decision.

Please note that Muktware will not be responsible if you void your warranty. Kindly do the things carefully.

Check out the two links below to download CyanogenMod and install it to your Kindle Fire HD. Good luck with installation.


Source: Androidpolice.com



Koushik Dutta leaves Cyanogen Inc. to return to ClockworkMod; developing

Koushik Dutta! Let’s be honest, it’s not a common name, and neither is he a common person. I say this because he is one of the premier developers for the Android platform and is the mastermind behind the now famous AllCast app and the timeless ClockworkMod recovery. Koushik has been a member of Cyanogen Inc, and did work on their ROMs, while also working along with Oppo for the N1 and also OnePlus for the yet to be released One.

‘Koush’, as he is affectionately known in the Android community had a great impact on the development scene before Cyanogen Inc though. As mentioned earlier, not only did Koush work on ClockworkMod, but he also developed ROM Manager among many others to help Android’s vocal root-and-ROM community. As a result, he is revered among tech heads and is rightly seen as an authoritative figure when it comes to Android development.

Recently Koush sat down to have a brief interview with Android Police regarding the motives behind his sudden move, and this is where the details were revealed. He made it clear that there were developers at Cyanogen Inc who were capable of carrying on the work without him, and that he would continue working on the “open source side of Cyanogen”. It turns out that Koush did more managerial work at Cyanogen, and less development work, although he did work on certain projects. Apparently, it was the day-to-day development work that he missed the most.

With everything in mind, Koush decided to return to his roots — developing, and to re-launch the ClockworkMod brand so to speak. Koush is set to continue development on AllCast and Mirror among others. Koush is bent on ‘wowing’ users with AllCast, and is banking on cloud storage and integration to accomplish his goals. One cannot blame him for such a direction because more cord cutters are being borne daily, and the success of the Chromecast and other such boxes speaks volumes. So prolific is Koush that even the recently launched Amazon Fire TV received it’s version of AllCast mere days after it was launched.

Although Koush will no longer be working at Cyanogen Inc full time, he has not left Android, and we can all breathe a sigh of relief. We will continue to see his great work in the Android ecosystem, and he will still be a contributor to the work at Cyanogen Inc. For more details on Koush’s plans, hit the link to view his interview with Android Police. We wish you all the best with your ventures Koush.

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CyanogenMod releases new theme engine source code

For those who have been itching to try out the alpha build of CyanogenMod’s iconic Theme Choose, here is some good news. The company announced the public release of the source code to their Gerrit review on 10 April and followed it by merging it on 11 April.

A few weeks ago the alpha build could be tried only by those who had a Galaxy Nexus GSM edition (maguro), a Nexus 4, Nexus 5 or a Motorola Flipout, reported Rootzwiki. Later, on 5 April, they extended support to 2013 versions of Nexus 7, flo and deb.

It is important to note that they have not yet added the engine’s UI. So you will just be using the underlying functionality right now. It will work on any AOSP/CM11-based KitKat ROM.

According to CyanogenMod’s Gerrit review, the new theme engine allows the following:
1. Simple creation of themes by compiling on the device
2. System level icon packs.
3. Font packs
4. Swappable boot animations
5. Lockscreen wallpaper
6. Alarms
7. Of course all the things the previous engine could do including skins, ringtones and notifications. There is also legacy support for old themes.

Users can also run stackable themes, which means you can apply multiple themes at one go, offering you an interesting combination of elements from each theme.

Eager to try?

Source: Rootzwiki

BBQLinux, an OS for Android developers and Arch enthusiasts

BBQLinux is an user-friendly Linux distribution made for Android Developers and for enthusiasts who want to test a bit of Arch Linux. It has everything on board to build AOSP or AOSP-based Distributions like OmniROM or CyanogenMod. It’s based on Arch Linux and uses Rolling Release system. BBQLinux uses Arch repositories so its a direct Arch derivative, for example Manjaro is based on Arch but uses their own repositories.

Since BBQLinux is fully compatible with Arch Repositories its also compatible with Black Arch Linux (Security Testing distribution) and with Arch Wiki.

I would recommend BBQLinux to anyone who wishes to test Arch before installing on a production system or desktop, anyone who wishes to compile Android ROMS or in general anyone who wants a really good distro based on Arch. The installation is pretty straight-forward, uses Mate as default DE, it should be really easy to change DE, it would be just a walk through Arch Wiki.


Other Details:
Uses LightDM as default display manager
BBQLinux has his own graphical installer called bbqlinux-installer
Comes with preinstalled Android SDK
Preinstalled Yaourt for managing AUR packages
Installation is straightforward, just like an ubuntu installation.

For BBQLinux community on Google Plus https://plus.google.com/communities/106642342159578225975
For BBQLinux specific repository: http://bbqlinux.org/packages.html


Get fake Netflix, Hulu Plus and AllCast apps from Google Play Store – for free

It doesn’t stop at Flappy Bird, someone is trying really hard to exploit the popularity of ClockWordMod under the very nose of Google. Some app developer with name ‘ClworkMod Inc’ has published three apps on Google Play Store and these are not some unknown apps. These are none other than Hulo Plus, Netflix and AllCast.


All these apps are available for free of cost and need access to GPS, full network access, phone records as well as write permission on storage.


The ‘scam’ was probably spotted by Koushik Dutta of CyanogenMod. Google is quite strict about fake apps so it’s interesting how these apps with trademarked names like Hulu Plus and Netflix made into the Play Store. The apps seemed to be made available yesterday (March 8). Google will soon be kicking them out, there is no doubt about it.


What to expect at Google I/O 2014, it’s a lucky draw this year

It’s February 2014, and all is well in the world of Android. With 79% of the world’s smartphones sold in 2013 running some form of the Open Source software, I’d say that the little robot isn’t doing too badly. CES was a blast, and Android officially expanded from its original home of phones and tablets — it’s now in cars, on televisions and under your bed if you’re brave enough to look. With MWC coming up in a few days time, there is no doubt that OEMs will launch a lot more devices that will either wow us, or cause us to look away quickly. But there’s something else in the air. Something that only die hard fans get excited about. Something that makes nerds, the world over, call in sick for work. It’s called Google I/O, and this year, it’s going to be epic.

Sundar Pichai, head of Android and Chrome over at Google, took to Google+ a few days ago to announce the dates for this year’s event. June 25th and 26th are the days to watch. Immediately, we noticed that it had been cut short by one day, as compared to last year, but it simply means that the information will be coming thick and fast, and we’re here to make wild and bold predictions about what might be coming our way.

Gaming at I/O

Flappy Bird. I’m not quite sure of when that name will ever leave our memories, but it might be a few years into the future, or maybe a few months for some of us. What’s interesting is that a small developer from Vietnam created this game in his free time, and it changed his life forever. Going from dormant to having millions of downloads in a few months earned him as much as $50,000 a day in ad revenue. Such is the power of gaming and Google knows it. In addition to Niantic Labs, the team behind Ingress, Noah Falstein, a game designer who worked for LucasArts, 3DO, and Dreamworks Interactive, signed for Google in May of 2013, albeit with one thing on their minds; gaming.

Ingress, the augmented reality game has divided players into two teams, and battles have raged the world over in a fight for dominance. With rumours of an iOS version swirling around, we have reason to believe that there is some fire behind the smoke. What Niantic does next will be a huge move. Monetization of Ingress may involve ads, or simply merchants paying Google to set up portals in stores, locations or business areas in general. Commercial locations will love to have additional waves of persons coming through their doors daily and Google may be able to capitalise on this. What if Ingress makes an appearance on Glass? That would surely blow a few minds, as long as they tweaked it to use less battery than it currently does.

With Google Play Games linking us all together, the stage is set for a blockbuster of a game to come from Google itself. If the recently announced Project Tango is anything to go by, the next few games coming from Google might set the stage for some totally unprecedented stuff and both my phone and mind are ready for the awesomeness.

Chrome OS and Chromecast

Android is known everywhere, but Chrome OS? Not so much. Chrome OS got off to a slow start, but it blew up in 2013. Chromebooks accounted for over 20% of US laptops sales, a host of capable Chromebooks were launched, and LG’s all-in-one Chrome machine initiated the move away from being a Chromebook and Chromebox only OS, to one that embraces other form factors as well.

The increased numbers are good, or even great, but for Google, great is not enough. Chrome OS is constantly being refined with performance and security boosts, and more importantly, it is making a comfortable home in Windows 8. There’s bound to be some mention of the increased productivity that can be had on Chrome, and we can’t help but wonder if Google will launch new Chrome hardware this year. Lest you forget, the Chromebook Pixel was given to developers last year, after it had been on the market for a couple months, and we just have a sliver of hope that there will be a refresh of it this time around. Added to that, many have suggested that a Chrome Tablet is in the works, with some even stating that the elusive Nexus 10 will be just that. At this point, we’re not quite sold on the idea, but with transformer laptops popping up all around, the likelihood of such a device is quite possible.

The Chromecast is a favourite of everyone and their dog. Ease of use, affordability and effectiveness makes it Google’s top selling device. With a released SDK, developers are now free to run wild, thereby expanding the reach of the device. While I don’t expect to see any major Chromecast news at I/O, there just might be the announcement of new apps, or new possibilities that we have long clamoured for (read: streaming local content).

Developers and Apps

Where would any platform be without developers and apps? They make or break the experience, and the bank accounts of platform owners. With over 1,000,000 apps in the Play Store, Android is sitting pretty and users have an embarrassment of apps to choose from, but all’s not well with the picture. You see, Google has long encouraged beautiful apps. YouTube, Google+ and Keep, though different in some ways, all ooze a sense of fluidity, beauty and consistency. Sadly, this is not the case with a lot of Android apps. Instagram, for instance, still uses an iOS layout, which has caused me to use Phonegram in its stead, and many others still have not adopted the Holo theme.

To the average user, there is no difference between Holo apps and the others. Fine. No problem. To us however, iOS themed apps and Gingerbread apps are quite an eye sore, and one that both we, enthusiasts, and Google would love to get rid of, once and for all. For each I/O, since 2012, Google has emphasized Holo-themed apps. Google has long required developers to adopt the theme, and while some have, and more are doing so each day, we have yet to rid ourselves of the blasphemous apps that plague the Play Store. Expect more incentives from Google at I/O. Expect simpler guides and ways to create Holo apps, and to verify whether or not your app fits the guidelines. We empathize with Google, and sympathize with our peers, but things are getting better and we’re grateful for it. Google has gotten rid of terrible apps before, and I’d love to see them do it again.

The tablet scene has become much better, but still leaves a lot of work to be done. Google will once again emphasize the benefits of following guides which automatically scale apps for a wonderful user experience, whether you engage them on your phone, or on your tablet. Over the past year, tablets have been getting increased love, something that Google will be pleased about, but their work in by no means complete. Highlighting tablet optimized apps in the Play Store and the inclusion of both phone and tablet screen shots have helped to improve the user experience if I may say so myself, but, here’s to hoping that a lot more apps will adopt tablet the optimized layout — enough to make Tim Cook shut up about it, even though that may be difficult to accomplish.


Phone Updates and New Android Version

What can I say? The situation has improved markedly over the last year. OEMs have finally realised that we do care about updates, and that we won’t buy their new deivces if they didn’t update the old one; well, sort of. Motorola, once a Google Company and still is for the time being, embarassed the multitude of Android OEMs, and even Google itself when KitKat launched. The Moto X, whether you love it or hate it was the first non-Nexus device to get the upgrade, and it did so before most Nexus 4’s for that matter. Thank you Moto. The Moto G, their second major offering, launched with Android 4.3 JellyBean and KitKat was promised in January, but many actually received the update in December. HTC and Samsung, feeling the heat of the kitchen, immediately announced their plans and devices to be updated, and some flagships like the HTC One and the Note 3 have started receiving the update.

For long, many have blamed Google for the update situation. Many have also stated that Google was not responsible, but rather, the OEMs. With Motorola, presumably without Google’s assistance of course, updating their phones that quickly, we cannot help but notice that their lack of customizations on top of Android either lead to, or was the main proponent of their quick update. Motorola wanted to prove a point. They wanted to show the world that they came to play ball, and that they did. With Google Play Services controlling core updates in the background, regardless of OEM or carrier, Google has been taking care of the important stuff. In an effort to save face however, the major players have started doing better, and we’re hoping for improvements at I/O, however good they will be.

We should not expect too many changes to Android this I/O. A point upgrade from 4.4.2 to 4.4.3 may bring few, if any, visible changes to the OS. Instead, it may feature under the hood tweaks and performance boosts that the Android authorities would have been working on for the weeks leading up to the event. Performance boosts, and improvements that squash bugs but extend battery life are always welcomed by us, and, if I were prone to bet, I would bet on a minor but important upgrade to give the Nexus and Google Play Edition fanboys something to rub in the faces of their HTC and Samsung-loving peers.

Google Glass

Glass is supposed to go on full retail this year. The public knows about it; it’s no longer a secret. Glass has made several special appearances at high profile sporting events, in the Operation Room and official frames have been released. With an ever growing accumilation of apps in tow, it seems like the perfect timing for the revelation of its selling price. A Q4 2014 release date has been rumoured, but I wouldn’t be surprised to have a major update at I/O; whether it be an Ingress release, or some other killer app just to tide us over, or even the full release that just ‘blows us away’. Pay attention, you ‘glassholes’ because the time of your redemption is nigh.


Google Smartwatch

Although this does not officially exist, it almost feels like it. With a host of smartwatches being announced at CES, and a lot more promised for MWC, Android fans are buying watches, and are warming up to the idea, but deep down inside, we’re all waiting for Google’s take on this category. Given their presentation and support of Glass, we can imagine that it will be well thought out and well put together. What we don’t know right now is whether it will take the route of the Gear; trying to fit phone functions into a watch, or whether it will take the route of the Pebble; a watch that is simply connected to your phone and gives valuable information when desired.

An appearance at I/O for the watch may be totally unexpected, but don’t rule it out. There is so much rumoured to be in the pipeline that something’s got to leak at one of, if not their biggest and most important event for the year right? Besides, I’m yet to be blown away by any of the current smartwatches; maybe Google would like to change my opinion of them very soon. Hint given.


Lastly, and the one you’ve probably been waiting for, is the appearance of a new Nexus 10, 7, or 8. Make no mistake; no new pieces of hardware were released at last year’s I/O, much to the disappointment of the fans and press at large. No, the Chromebook Pixel was not new. That said, it does not mean that they will continue with that trend this year. Although the time has been cut short by a day and Hugo Barra is no longer at Google, the lack of a new Nexus 10 has not gone unnoticed by us all. Rumours abound of an Asus, Samsung, or HTC made Nexus 10, and while we are yet to see any of these, smoke seldom appears without fire.

The first Nexus 7 was announced at I/O 2012, and while its second iteration had a change of heart and launched elsewhere, I/O is the birthplace of their smaller tablet, and it may return home this year. The main problem though, is that, for long, many have suggested that it might not be a Nexus 7 this time, but rather an 8 inch tablet. The slightly bigger screen offers more to see, and hits a sweet spot between the 10 and 7″ form factors that Android has long rode with. Google has even tested the popularity with the release of the GPe LG GPad 8.3. Having recently spent some time with a Galaxy Tab 3 8.0, I can confirm that it is the best of both worlds to some degree. What ever comes our way, Google, we’re ready for another tablet and we demand one. Please.



Much has been predicted about this year’s I/O. There’s something to keep each of us happy until then. The chances of all of these things being crammed into two days of I/O are low, but the anticipation is what keeps us going most of the time. Whether it’s a new version of Android, gaming performances, Chrome OS development or a shiny new piece of hardware, there’s going to be something at this I/O for some one of us, or maybe for even all of us. As we count the days to its arrival, I’m sure that we will have other product releases, announcements and rumours to tide us over. Until then, ask that you sit tight, and send all news, rumours and leaks our way. Peace.


CyanogenMOD developer demos Android Mirroring to Chromecast

Koushik Dutta, the lead developer of CyanogenMOD has been flirting with Google’s Chromecast for the early days. He created a storm in a cup when he reverse engineered it to stream local content and Google changed the code to block it.

Well, Google had warned not to use preview SDK to write apps as it was in initial phase. Dutta has an AllCast app which allows one to stream quite a lot of local content to Chromecast. Now since Google has released the SDK and opened Chromecast to 3rd party developers there are immense possibilities – and Dutta is back. He has teased users with an app which can mirror the Android screen on Chromecast cast.

You can clearly see him playing Flappy Bird on this phone which is ‘Chromecasted’ to the Chromecast device. It’s exciting as now you can enjoy HD games or other stuff on your big screen using the phone as a remote. We don’t yet know when Dutta will make the app available publicly but it’s certain it’s coming, or it may just be another feature of AllCast.

BTW, if you want to win a Chromecast, enter this contest today.


How Linux dominates the mobile market

Linux is a free and Open Source operating system built by thousands of contributors across the world. The Linux kernel was developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991. Linux gained good traction after its release and in the years has become one of the most secure operating systems in the world. Linux is used by almost every organisation in the world at some point. Linux runs on mobile phones, tablets, servers, desktops, supercomputers and in embedded systems such as network routers, building automation controls, televisions and video game consoles. Linux was originally developed for Intel x86-based personal computers. Over the years, Linux been ported to other hardware platforms such as Arm, x86_64. It is a leading operating system on servers, mainframe computers and supercomputers.

Linux, released under GPL license, which allows free distribution of code, has helped IT giants and startups alike start develop their own operating system. Some of these operating systems were developed to counter the runaway success of Apple’s iOS while others were developed to cash in on the vast opportunity of the touch friendly smartphone and tablet market. Most notable of them is Google’s Android project. Other notable projects under development include Tizen, Firefox OS, Ubuntu Touch, etc. Linux has quickly come grown to dominate the mobile market with Android commanding close to 80% of the market share of the world smartphone market. With a number of Linux based mobile OS set to hit the market in 2014, the market share for Linux based mobile operating systems is set to increase further. Let’s look at a few mobile operating systems which are currently in the market and in development.

Android is developed by Google and released as a free and open source operating system. Android back-end is based on the mainline Linux kernel. The front end GUI however, uses Dalvik run time for rendering the niceties. Android is the most popular smartphone and tablet operating system. As of November 2013, Android’s share of the smartphone market was 80%. Android also surpassed the iPad’s market share in Q3 2012.


A clean,free, open source version of Android with added original and third-party code. CyanogenMod offers features and options which are not found in the official version distributed by mobile vendors. CyanogenMod does not contain spyware or bloatware and contains performance and other interface enhancements. CyanogenMOD does not track installs but allows voluntary reporting. As of December 2013, CyanogenMod has recorded over 10 million active installs.


Sailfish OS
Nokia chose to go the Windows way sponsored by Microsoft and fired MeeGo developers. Sailfish OS was built by Jolla, a company started by these ex Nokia employees. It is essentially a continuation of MeeGo with whole lot of new features. The UI is touch friendly and built with QML and Qt Quick. Sailfish OS is not completely open source, the UI is proprietary. Currently there is only one smartphone running Sailfish OS. Android apps compatibility has been announced for Sailfish, which will enable most Android apps to run on Sailfish OS unaltered.


Firefox OS
Firefox OS is an open source operating system being built by Mozilla Foundation. Firefox OS has a Linux kernel and the user interface is written in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. A few phones have been launched with Firefox OS pre-installed in South American and other emerging markets. Firefox OS loaded phones are currently low end and cheaper compared to Android, iOS and Windows Phone. Tablet optimized Firefox OS was recently shown off by Mozilla. Firefox OS can be used in smart TVs as well.


Ubuntu Touch
Ubuntu Touch is the mobile version of world’s most popular free and open-source Linux based operating system, Ubuntu. Ubuntu Touch is still under heavy development and is expected to have release its first stable version in April 2014. When complete, Ubuntu Touch will run on smartphones, tablets, TVs and smart-screens. The UI of Ubuntu Touch gesture based and touch friendly and uses Qt-5 and runs on Mir display server.  Apps can be developed in QML and HTML 5. Ubuntu’s convergence theory states that applications designed for the desktop platform will run on Touch and vice versa. Ubuntu Touch is being developed by Canonical and the Ubuntu community.


After Intel’s failed MeeGo project with Nokia, a new project was started by Samsung and Intel. It was named Tizen. Tizen has roots of Nokia/Intel’s MeeGo and Samsung’s Bada mobile operating systems. Samsung is betting big on Tizen to be an alternative to Android and other touch based smartphone operating systems. Currently there are no phones running on Tizen but the coming MWC may give us a glimpse of the new Tizen phones.

Another Linux based open source operating system for smart TVs now owned by LG. Originally developed by Palm, HP acquired Palm and webOS along with it. After a disastrous debut on tablets, webOS was discontinued. HP open sourced webOS and released it as Open webOS. In 2013, LG bought webOS from HP to use it on its smart TVs.
Open WebOS
Linux based free and open source operating systems allow great deal of community involvement in the development of these operating systems. It also enables to share some common core technologies, for example, various software frameworks originally developed for Maemo and MeeGo are being used by Ubuntu Touch, Mer is being used by Sailfish OS etc. Apps built with HTML5 will work on Android, Ubuntu Touch, Tizen and Firefox OS thus reducing a great deal of work for the developers. Android apps run on Sailfish OS and with slight modifications on Ubuntu Touch. These standards set by open source operating systems make it very easy for the developers to work, with which is not possible with closed source ecosystems such as Windows Phone, Blackberry and iOS. As the operating systems mature, developing apps for these Linux based operating systems will become easier, more and more developers will start to move away from these closed source proprietary operating systems.