Linus Torvalds, the principal force behind development of the Linux kernel and overseer of open source development for the Linux operating system, has been named the 2014 recipient of the IEEE Computer Society’s Computer Pioneer Award “for pioneering development of the Linux kernel using the open-source approach”.
Linus Torvalds was born on December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland. He enrolled at the University of Helsinki in 1988, graduating with a master’s degree in computer science. His M.Sc. thesis was titled Linux: A Portable Operating System. Linus authored many gaming applications in his early years. After purchasing a personal computer with an Intel 386 CPU, he began using Minix, an Unix-inspired operating system created by Andrew Tanenbaum for use as a teaching tool. Torvalds started work on a new kernel, later to be named “Linux,” in the fall of 1991 and after forming a team of volunteers to work on this new kernel, released V1.0 in the spring of 1994.
In 1996, Torvalds accepted an invitation to visit the California headquarters of Transmeta, a start-up company in the first stages of designing an energy saving central processing unit. Torvalds then accepted a position at Transmeta and moved to California with his family. Along with his work for Transmeta, Torvalds continued to oversee kernel development for Linux.
In 2003, Linus Torvalds left Transmeta to focus exclusively on the Linux kernel, backed by the Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) , a consortium formed by high-tech companies, which included IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Intel, AMD, RedHat, Novell and many others. The purpose of the consortium was to promote Linux development. OSDL merged with The Free Standards Group in January 2007 to become The Linux Foundation. Torvalds remains the ultimate authority on what new code is incorporated into the standard Linux kernel.
Linus Torvalds got recognition across the globe for his marvellous work. In Academics, Linus Torvalds received honorary doctor status at Stockholm University, and in 2000 he received the same honor from University of Helsinki. In August 2005, Torvalds received the Vollum Award from Reed College.
In 1998 Linus Torvalds received an EFF Pioneer Award.
In 2000 Linus Torvalds was awarded the Lovelace Medal from the British Computer Society.
In 2001, Linus Torvalds shared the Award for Social/Economic Well-Being with Richard Stallman and Ken Sakamura.
In 2008, Linus Torvalds was inducted into the Hall of Fellows of the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California.
Linus Torvalds was awarded the C&C Prize by the NEC Corporation in 2010 for “contributions to the advancement of the information technology industry, education, research, and the improvement of our lives”.
Millennium Technology Prize: On April 20, 2012, Linus Torvalds was declared one of two winners of that year’s Millennium Technology Prize, The honour is widely described as technology’s equivalent of the Nobel Prize.
Internet Hall of Fame : On April 23, 2012 at Internet Society’s Global INET conference in Geneva, Switzerland, Linus Torvalds was one of the inaugural inductees into the Internet Hall of Fame, one of ten in the Innovators category and thirty-three overall inductees.
And now it’s time for another most reputed award in computer world, IEEE’s “The Computer Pioneer Award”.
The Computer Pioneer Award was established in 1981 by the IEEE Computer Society Board of Governors to recognize and honor the vision of those whose efforts resulted in the creation and continued vitality of the computer industry. The award is presented to outstanding individuals whose main contribution to the concepts and development of the computer field was made at least 15 years earlier. The recognition is engraved on a bronze medal.
Dear Linus, we at Muktware congratulate you and wish you all the best for your future endeavors.